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A Quick Guide to Optometry Among the most delicate parts of a human body is the eye. It also provides vision hence it should be well taken care of. It is possible to take care of the eye medically even though the best way is to ensure that you personally take care of your eyes. The field of health that deals with diagnosing the eye for infections, management of such infections and general eye care is called optometry. Optometrists usually handle different functions related to eye care. One of the services is primary care provision. Diagnosis is the second of such services provided by optometrists. To do this, they usually have special skills for both curative and preventive care provision. Optometrists also provide important information on how to take care of eyes, this being the third service they provide. In this way they can also be called public health providers. The first role of optometrists in the past was to identify and correct refractive errors related to the eye. Spectacles were the main prescription they gave to correct refractive problems. In the modern world, the field has expanded to cover other areas of defect to the eye such as parallax, infection of the iris among others. There are many optometrists who practice in the United States of America. Primary eye care providers are many especially in states such as Idaho.
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Optometrists in Idaho provide different services. The first of such services is provision of eye examination. Diseases can be identified during eye examination hence making it easy to treat them. Some of the diseases that are usually noted include glaucoma and dry eye syndrome. Many eye diseases can be detected in this examination though not all can be treated by optometrists. In such situations, they refer the cases to other professionals.
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Provision of contact lenses also falls in the range of services offered by optometrists. They have expertise to prescribe the best contact lenses for various defects. What was found during diagnosis guides this process. Surgical operations can also be carried out by optometrists subject to further training. Regulation of optometry is provided by state boards of respective states in the United States of America. Licenses are issued to this effect after confirmation of the individual having adequate academic qualifications. The license allows the optometrists to practice mainly within the boundaries of the United States and to carry out specific indicated functions. Most licenses in the United States allow the optometrist to provide eye care through oral medication or through topical drugs such as eye drops. The scope can however be widened based on further training.