People who see their gums bleed should never be complacent. It is a sign of serious dental issues. Periodontology is the dental specialty which deals with the areas around the tooth. Medically, this area is called the periodontium and consists of three basic elements:

  • Root cement
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Jaw bone

The periodontium forms the functional anchoring system of the teeth. The root cement is the outermost layer of the tooth root and serves as an anchoring element for the periodontal ligament. The tooth is not directly interlocked with the jaw bone, but rather it sits in a bone pocket and is connected to the jaw bone by the periodontal ligament. The periodontal ligament refers to small fibers which connect the tooth firmly to the bone. The jaw bone is part of the skull and serves to absorb the teeth.

The tasks of periodontics are the prevention and treatment of dental wounds and their aftercare. Inflammation of the periodontal apparatus is referred to as periodontitis, a non-inflammatory disease as periodontal disease. Periodontitis is the most widespread disease of the gums. Periodontitis and gingivitis are caused by bacterial deposits. Untreated periodontal disease leads to long-term radiological bone reduction. Gingivitis produces gingival pockets, caused by the inflammatory swelling of the gingiva. If a person experiences these kinds of symptoms, they should seek care from Paul Corcoran DDS immediately.

The goals of a periodontal therapy are to stop the disease and to build up new tissue (regenerative therapy) in the case of bone loss. Gingivitis produces gingival pockets, caused by the inflammatory swelling of the gingiva. Periodontitis can occur at different rates and at different degrees of severity, regardless of age, on one or more teeth at the same time. If other factors, such as stress, smoking or any other disease are added, an acute inflammatory reaction may occur. The gum is reddened, swollen and tends to hemorrhage.

Oral hygiene may be painful due to the inflammation and people may be prompted to neglect the proper amount of care. Once in the pockets, it is no longer possible to treat the issue with conventional cleaning methods. During the course of the disease, deep gingival pockets form, a breeding ground for further bacteria.